Each part of the brain serves a specific function and links with other parts of the brain to form more complex functions. When the brain is injured through accident or negligence, serious consequences may occur. Brain injuries can range from mild concussion to much more serious complications caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Brain injury may cause:
- Bruising of brain tissue
- Tears in meninges or protective layers
- Bleeding or hemorrhage
- Spinal cord damage
All parts of the brain need to be working well in order to function, both physical and mental —even mild brain injuries can significantly interfere with abilities. People or loved ones of those who experienced catastrophic complications due to brain injury may be eligible for compensation through a brain injury lawsuit.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is usually caused by a blow to the head or body which causes the brain to slam against the inside of the skull. It may also be caused by an object that penetrates the skull such as a bullet, bone fragment or other solid object.
Mild traumatic brain injury may cause temporary symptoms which will subside over time if allowed to heal. More severe traumatic brain injury can result in long-term or permanent damage to the brain and in some cases, may cause death.
Brain Injury Evaluation
People who suffer brain injury should be evaluated by a medical health professional. If the victim lost consciousness, a neurology evaluation should occur. This will involve a physical exam, complete medical history and a number of neurological tests. In more serious cases, a CT or MRI scan may also be needed.
Specialized professionals may also administer psychological or occupational exams to objectively measure victim’s brain functions including evaluating attention span, orientation, memory, concentration, language (receptive and expressive), new learning, mathematical reasoning, spatial perception, abstract and organizational thinking, problem solving, social judgment, motor abilities, sensory awareness and emotional characteristics and general psychological adjustment.
Care for a person who has suffered brain injury will vary by severity. Even if the injury was only a mild concussion, rest and avoidance of physical activity will be needed. In more severe cases, the patient may not be allowed to return to activity for several weeks or months or may be permanently out of a sport or activity.
Brain Injury Lawsuit
Brain injuries may be minimized by the proper environment, training and protocols. When this does not occur, increased chance for an accident, followed by failure-to-treat can result in a brain injury which has serious consequences.
If a loved one has experienced brain injury due to accident or negligence, compensation may be available. A personal injury lawsuit may help provide compensation for medical costs, lost wages, pain and suffering and future costs or losses.